the board: A win, place and show bet on a horse.
Allowance: A race other than a claiming event for
which the racing secretary drafts certain conditions.
Apprentice: A jockey who has ridden for less than a
year and who receives weight allowances.
Backside: The racetrack's barn area.
A color ranging from tan to dark chestnut with black
mane, tail and points.
speed rating: A measure of performance popularized
by Andy Beyer of The Washington Post.
Bounce: An exceptionally poor performance on the
heels of an exceptionally good one.
Broodmare: Female horse used for breeding.
Broodmare sire: A sire whose female offspring become
producers of exceptional performers.
Bullet: Fastest workout of the day at a particular
to the post: A special call played on a Bugle used
to signal the horses to the starting gate.
Chestnut: A color ranging from light gold to deep
red. Also, a small, horny growth on the inside of a
horse's front legs.
Claiming race: A race in which the horses are for
sale at a price specified before the race. Claims are
made before the race and the new owner assumes
possession immediately following the race.
An ungelded male horse 4 years old or younger.
The mother of a horse.
Distaff: A race for female horses.
Driving: Strong urging by jockey.
foot: Good speed at the start of a race.
Two or more horses representing the same owner or
trained by the same person and running together as a
single betting entity.
A female horse less than 5 years old.
Furlong: An eighth of a mile.
Gelding: A neutered male horse.
Handicapping: This is the study of factors in the
past performances which determine the relative qualities
and abilities of horses in a race.
Handle: Money wagered.
Inquiry: Official investigation of rule infractions.
Juvenile: Two-year-old horse.
Diuretic medication given to horses which bleed.
Maiden: A horse that hasn't won a flat racein any
A female horse 5 years old or older.
Morning line: The starting odds set by thetrack
track: A track that is not fast.
Overlay: A horse whose odds are greater than
itspotential to win.
Pari-mutuel: System of wagering where all the money
is returned to the wagerers after deduction of track and
Horse with white hairs mingledthroughout its coat.
Jacket and cap worn by jockeys.
Father of a foal.
Stallion: Uncastrated male horse.
course: Grass covered race course.
Underlay: Horse whose odds are more promising than
his potential to win.
A person who helps jockeys keep their wardrobe and
equipment in order.
Weight: The assigned weight for a horse, including
the jockey, equipment and lead weights if needed.
Workout: Exercise session at a predetermined
Yearling: A horse that is one year old. The
universal birthdate of horses is January 1.